VCSU Macro-Invertabrate Lab
Literature used to prepare this website

The following two sources are the best we have found for general information on all groups:

McCafferty, W. Patrick 1999. Aquatic Entomology, The Fishermen's and Ecologists' Illustrated Guide to Insects and Their Relatives. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury, Massachusetts. This is a beautiful book. It has wonderful illustrations and a wealth of information about many different taxonomic groups.

Merritt, R.W. and Cummins, K.W., 1996.An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America, Third Edition. Kendal/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, IA. We call this book 'the bible' in our lab. It has the most complete set of taxonomic keys to the genus level for all groups found in North America.

Other helpful works for North Dakota bugs (and others):

Burks, B.D. 1953 (reprint 1975). The Mayflies, or Ephemeroptera, of Illinois. Original: Illinois Natural History Survey, Urbana IL. Reprint: Entomological Reprint Specialists. Los Angeles, CA.

Gordon, Robert D. and Post, Richard L. 1965. North Dakota Water Beetles. North Dakota Insects - Publication #5, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND.

Jacobson, Lee A. 1969. The aquatic and semiaquatic Hemiptera of North Dakota. Masters Thesis, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND. Harris, S.C., Lago P.K., and R.B. Carlson, 1980. Preliminary survey of the Trichoptera of North Dakota. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 82(1): 39-43

Lehmkuhl, Dennis M. 1979. How to know the aquatic insects, The Picture Key Nature Series. Dubuque, IA.

Needham, J.G., Westfall, M.J. Jr. and May, M.L. 2000. Dragonflies of North America. Scientific Publishers, Gainesville, FL.

Westfall, Minter J. Jr. and May, Michael L. 1996. Damselflies of North America. Scientific Publishers, Gainesville, FL.

Wiggins, Glenn B. 1996. Larvae of the North Amerian Caddisfly Genera (Trichoptera), Second Ed. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada.

This web site is funded by Region VIII EPA Section 319 funds administered by the North Dakota Department of Health.
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